Soil Specifications

Whatever the soil conditions or application, Freeland is able to offer a wide range of bulk or bagged top soils that will support a diverse variety of flora. In addition, Freeland provides market-leading expertise, to ensure that soils are created to meet even the most stringent specification.

Top Soil Bulk Supply product range: Top Soil Bagged Supply product range:
  • Multi-purpose (normal phosphorous)
  • General purpose, low-nutrient, (medium phosphorous)
  • Low nutrient (low phosphorous)
  • Calcareous (high pH-chalky soil)
  • Multi-purpose (normal phosphorous)
  • Lightweight rooftop soil (Freeland standard)
  • Sedum Soil (rooftop specification)
  • Intensive
  • Extensive
  • Stony Grassland
  • Acid neutral

As well as having visual consistency, Freeland topsoil is free from non-soil material, brick and other building material and waste, hydrocarbons, perennial weeds and other foreign material or substances that would render the topsoil unsuitable for use. 

Freeland's Loam/Sandy Loam multi-purpose topsoil and Loamy Sand (wild flower/low phosphorous, calcareous) specific purpose topsoil.

Examples of Typical Specifications

Parameter Multi-purpose Top Soil specification Wild Flower, Low Nutrient Soil specification
Sand 55-85%¹ 55-80%¹
Silt 10-40% 10-30%
Clay 7-20% 5-18%
Nitrogen > 0.15% > 0.1%
Phosphorous 36-100 mg/l < 15 mg/l
Potassium 240-1200 mg/l < 240 mg/l
Magnesium 50-600 mg/l < 150 mg/l
Organic-matter 4-8% 3-15%
Permeability 4-35 mm/hr 4-35 mm/hr
Air-filled porosity 12-20% 15-30%
pH Value 6.8-8.5
6.5-7.8
Electrical Conductivity
(1:2.5 Water Extract)
< 1500 µS/cm
< 1500 µS/cm
Electrical Conductivity
(CaSO4 Extract)
< 2800 µS/cm < 2800 µS/cm
Exchangeable Sodium
 < 15%
 < 15%
Calcium Carbonate  < 5%
 < 5%
  ¹ of which, the medium sand fraction (0.25-0.5mm) shall be at least 45% w/w